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Published: Wed, 14 Mar 2018 05:00:00 +0000
Today we honor all scientists, on the anniversary of the birth of Albert Einstein. The word “scientist” was created by William Whewell in 1833. Scientists research and work to gain knowledge that describes and predicts the natural world. They may use the scientific method while doing their work. The work they do ultimately saves lives, cures diseases, makes lives easier, and helps protect the planet. There are many fields that scientists may work in, and for about every 10,000 workers in the United States, 79 of them are scientists. This is more than almost anywhere else in the world. In total, about 4.7 million people have science degrees in the United States.
One of the most renowned scientists of all time is Albert Einstein, so it’s fitting that the day is celebrated on his birthday. He was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany. In 1901, he gained Swiss citizenship and got a job at the Swiss Patent Office. He earned his doctorate in 1905 and became a professor in Berne, Zurich, and Prague. In 1914 he became a professor in Berlin, and it was also in this year that he became a German citizen. In 1933, Einstein renounced his citizenship for political reasons and emigrated to the United States, where he became a professor at Princeton, a post he held until 1945. He became a US citizen in 1940. Following World War II he was active in the World Federalist Movement and turned down an offer to be the President of Israel. Some of his most important works through the years were the Special Theory of Relativity (1905) and the General Theory of Relativity (1916). He received many honorary doctorate degrees, membership to leading scientific academies, and various awards, including the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics. He died on April 18, 1955.
Celebrate Scientists Day is being observed today! It has always been observed annually on March 14th.